Castelo, Alfama and Sé
Come visit the oldest part of the city of Lisbon.
Lisbon was born on the castle hill. Archaeological research at the site where the castle of S. Jorge stands today allows us to establish occupations from at least the 6th century BC. By Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans and Muslims. During the Muslim period, the fortification was enlarged and strengthened. Conquered Lisbon by D. Afonso Henriques in 1147, the castle acquires the designation it is known today: Castle of S. Jorge. The Castle of S. Jorge was the Royal Palace until the construction of the Paço da Ribeira, on the initiative of D. Manuel I. Alfama, place of thermal springs of hot water, was also place of the Jewish quarter of the city. Not destroyed by the earthquake, it is considered the most authentic neighborhood in the city, where the traditions of the city persist. The Sé district, named after the city’s most important church, this Cathedral, was, since Roman times, the political, religious and commercial center of Lisbon.